STUDIES AND RESEARCH
SF in the Fifties
The US Science-fiction film of the Fifties
The paper is an overview
of possibilities of thematic and narrative classifications
of Hollywood science-fiction films in the fifties, their
place in the history of the genre in the USA, and in
the history of the concept of fear in the mass media.
Temporary vanning of horror in the late forties combined with
the Cold War political antagonism and the advance of science
caused an increased production of science fiction in the fifties.
These films predominantly deal with the invasion on Earth and
the appearance of various mutants and monsters as a result
of radiation. The appearance of extraterrestrials or mutants
functions also as a catalyst, which causes reality displacement,
one of the main structural elements of science fiction.
their production status and the expression of main themes
in the genre, the films of the fifties represent the naivete
of the genre, while the films from the late sixties to
the late eighties form the classical phase. The films of
the nineties form the manneristic phase of science fiction.
The films of the fifties also easily fall in the tradition
of fear, reflecting the contemporary fear of communist
invasion. This element represents the main difference between
the fifties and later phases of science fiction.