Croatian Educational Film
A historical survey of the development
of educational film in Croatia.
This is a historical survey of the development of educational
film and its production by specialized film companies (Škola
narodnog zdravlja, Nastavni film, Zora film, Filmoteka 16
and the educational programes of Croatian television) from
the beginnings of film production to the newest development
of new electronic media and digital systems of transmission
of audio-visual information. The development of educational
film has been observed ever since the first film reception
at the end of the nineteen century. Different kinds and subjects
of educational films, the means of expression that they use,
cultural and historical importance of existing films have
been analysed. Also, it is pointed to the multiple connection
of this practical branch of film with economic, social, cultural
and political conditions under which certain works were produced.
Special attention has been paid to health promotion films,
ethnographic films and travelogues, to their reception,
social evaluation of educational contents, special forms
of educational films made for particular educational goals,
and the attitude of pedagogical theory to the use of new
media in the process of education. For this purpose, pedagogical
texts on the use of motion pictures in education have been
researched and analysed; from the first pedagogical reflections
(J. Grčina, S. E. Tomić, D. Trstenjak, 1913/1914), the
interwar and postwar period (M. Demarin, A. Štampar, S.
Pataki), to the formation of modern approach to audio-visual
communications in educational process that appears as »film
and audio-visual pedagogy«, and a special analysis of teaching-method
approach to audio-visual media (M. Vrabec, S. Težak).